Sure. For example, "A world in arms" by Gerhard Weinberg:Peter89 wrote:Could you please name your sources about Franco?Counter wrote:Franco was an imperialist dictator and personally wanted to consolidate his power in Spain becoming a comrade of the great Führer. But he felt despised by Hitler, as he did not offer any booty for Spain in order to join Axis (only Gibraltar).
The leader of Spain, Francisco Franco, had, like Mussolini, stood aside in the fall of 1939. Given the weakening of Spain by the
terrible civil war which had ended only a few months before the outbreak of World War II, as well as the country's dependence on
imported food and oil, it was understandable that Franco was exceedingly cautious, but caution in no way affected his appetite. Spain had wanted to recover Gibraltar from the British ever since its capture in 1704, but the Franco regime—with its military roots in Spain's
North African empire—also looked forward to an enormous expansion of that empire at the expense of the French. The Spanish ruler's appetite even extended to portions of French Africa which had been German before World War I! All such dreams obviously could be
realized only with German assistance and in the event of a total Franco-British defeat.33 In view of this combination of almost unlimited ambition with extremely limited resources and capabilities for their attainment, the Spanish leader followed a policy combining caution with bravado. He would cautiously assist the Germans by relatively riskless measures until the latter had won the war;34 then with great bravado he would offer to join them provided he were promised both the assistance he needed and the loot he coveted. Until German troops actually appeared on the Spanish-French border, caution still prevailed over bravado; even the entrance of Italy into the war on June 10 did not induce Franco to follow suit. Unlike Mussolini, he preferred to have clear assurances from the Germans before taking the plunge.
Maybe you has been influenced by the Francoist legend about Franco´s reluctance to join the war because he was a humanist catholic hating nazis and he was very inteliggent and he knew Hitler was going to lose... A very convenient story for Francoist propaganda after the war. As I presume you read spanish I recommend you reading too "La gran tentación" by professor Manuel Ros Agudo, giving more details about the imperalist ambitions of the spanish dictator.
For example, what the Luftwaffe achieved from February to May 1942 over Malta, up to the massive arrival of RAF Spitfire units. As you know (I don´t link wikipedia !) a Luftflotte was moved from the Eastern Front to do the job (at the time Luftwaffe was engaged, simultaneously in Russia, Europe and Africa!). Malta was saved by those Spitfire that, by the way, arrived through Gibraltar straits and inside a US Navy aircraft carrier, big enough to transport them. So, figure out what would have happened by February 1941 instead...Peter89 wrote:What is overwhelming superiority in your mind?Counter wrote:RAF was superior only in english skies. If Luftwaffe, instead of the stupid Blitz over London or Liverpool moved to the Mediterranean area (southern Spain, Sicily, Lybia...) they would have got overwhelming superiority by January or February 1941.