Fifteen actually. FFC 15. was formed 1.1.40 in Lüben as FFS C Lüben. Yes, they had a mixed bag of aircraft types, with Ju 52 perhaps predominating. We also know how many aircraft they shared, based upon the increase of th Transportgruppen in April 1940. Roughly 360 operational aircraft and crews (implying around 40 aircraft were left at the FFS non-operational). Enough to bring the school-based Gruppen up to operational strength. We also know they shared in the casualties suffered too. We also can assume that the FFC system was shut down for a period from the end of March to the end of June and produced zero replacement crews for the Kampfgruppen, which was flying in the BoB.Knouterer wrote: ↑19 Jul 2022 09:14On the other hand, I'm beginning to think that there may have been more Ju 52s in the school system than I assumed before. There were at one point fourteen FFS/C schools (for multi-engine flying training), some of which had 25-30 Ju 52s (plus Ju 86, He 111, Do 17).
Ju 52 [Corrected, that should read "transport" availability, since the Luftwaffe counted all transport types, including Ju 52, Do 24, Do 26, BV 138, and others.] Transport availability as of 5 May was 530, of which 228 were lost by 1 September. A total of 390 were built during the year. Assuming an average of 32.5 per month, then we can guess that the 5 May total includes at least some of the 130 built in the first four months of the year. That leaves 4 months to the end of August to build and issue 130 as replacements for the 228 lost, so 98 short as of the beginning of September. This is congruent also with the report of 500 transports available as of circa 1 April 1940. All in all it seems unlikely that there was more than about 430 transports available circa 1 September.
Of course that leaves the question of the gliders still open, since they were in even shorter supply. Another record indicates that there were 475 transports and 45 gliders as of 10 May 1940 and that most of the gliders were irreparably damaged in the assault in the west. By the next year for Merkur there were only 530 transports and 100 gliders as of 20 May 1941 (Crete). On the other hand it is possible that LLG 1 had as many as 135 tug/glider combinations on hand (see below).
The following are the operational strength of the KG z.b.V. that were operational on 17 August 1940 (referenced from Price's Luftwaffe Data Book and also found in various other references including Williamson Murray, as well as online sites such as Jason Long's Sturmvogel). The actual total operational in operational units (as opposed to training units) was 226. The total number on hand was 340. They were (on hand/operational):
Stab/KG zbV 1 - 3/3
I/KG zbV 1 - 47/42
II/KG zbV 1 - 43/13
III/KG zbV 1 - 53/32
IV/KG zbV 1 - 39/25
KGr zbV 9 - 30/20
KG zbV 106 - 53/29
KG zbV 108 - 27/18
I/KG zbV 172 - 45/34
The others were scattered amongst the numerous Fliegerschule (especially the FFC, Große Kampffliegerschule 1.-5., and Blindflugschule 1.-5., see Michael Holms excellent site ww2.dk), which had already been raided for the Norwegian and French campaigns. A few were also assigned to various Stabsstaffeln of other operational Geschwadern and Gruppen and to liaison-transport duties in Luftwaffe higher headquarters. This would tend to indicate that LLG 1 at this time probably had about 90 Ju 52/DFS-230 and received the lion’s share of the aircraft in September as well. But that doesn’t solve the problem of the low serviceability rates.
To those may be added the small numbers of specialty aircraft that were available such as the JU-90 and Fw 200, which were normally assigned to reconnaissance duties and some of the aircraft assigned to the KM for maritime recon and transport duties. But these are small numbers of very specialized aircraft and most were still tied up in operations in Norway.
KG z.b.V. 1 accounted for
KG z.b.V. 2 existed only as a Stab
KG z.b.V. 3 was formed in 1941
KGr z.b.V. 1 and 2 were used to form KG z.b.V. 1
KGr z.b.V. 4.-6. were all disbanded in 1938 (except 17./KGr z.B.V. 5, which was the specialty air assault unit)
KGr z.b.V. 7. and 8. were formed in 1942
KGr z.b.V. 9 accounted for
KGr z.b.V. 10 was used to form KG z.b.V. 1
KGr z.b.V. 11 was disbanded in June 1940 (formed from school commands)
KGr z.b.V. 12 was disbanded in June 1940 (formed from school commands)
KGr z.b.V. 20-22 were formed in 1942
KGr z.b.V. 23-25 were formed in 1943
KGr z.b.V. 40 was formed in 1941
KGr z.b.V. 50 was formed in 1942
KGr z.b.V. 60 was formed in 1941
KGr z.b.V. 101 and 102 were disbanded, except for the Stab, in June 1940 (formed from school commands)
KGr z.b.V. 103 was disbanded in June 1940 (formed from school commands)
KGr z.b.V. 104 was disbanded, except for the Stab and Stabsstaffel in June 1940 (formed from school commands)
KGr z.b.V. 105 was disbanded, except for the Stab, in June 1940 (formed from school commands)
KGr z.b.V. 106 accounted for (formed from school commands)
KGr z.b.V. 107 was disbanded with half it's assets going to 108 (formed from school commands)
KGr z.b.V. 108 accounted for (formed from school commands)
KGr z.b.V. 200 formed in 1943
KGr z.b.V. 211 was never formed
KGr z.b.V. 300, 400, 500, 600, 700, 800, 900, and 999 were formed in 1941
Not included are the Luftlandegeschwadern, which were organized mostly with various aircraft as tugs and DFS-230 gliders. I and II/LLG 1 formed 27 July 1940 and were operational 10 August (17./KGr z.b.V. 5 was disbanded in July and used to form LLG 1), III/LLG 1 formed 22 August 1940 and was operational 1 September. The three Gruppen in theory had 135 Tug/DFS-230 combinations, but as the 7, Flieger Division plan indiactes only three Staffel were actually operational.
Indeed, and they too were utilized, shutting down their school function. How useful is it to terminate schooling of pilots and crews in the middle of a war?Then there were five Blindflugschulen (instrument flying) also with some Ju 52 each.