The British used infantry battalions as the basis for their beach groups as a matter of doctrine, going back to (at least) HUSKY; in 1943-44, from various sources, one can come up with 14 infantry battalions assigned to beach groups and LOC duties in 15th and 21st army groups:Tom from Cornwall wrote: ↑05 May 2021 19:25It is.
Wouldn't that depend on what happened to the men in those battalions once the Normandy beachhead, for example, was secured? Which came first, the disbandment of 59th Infantry Division or the transfer of the personnel of the infantry battalions in the beach groups?
5th Battalion, Kings Regiment
8th Battalion, Kings Regiment
6th Battalion, Border Regiment
7th Battalion, East Yorkshires Regiment
2nd Battalion, Herefordshire Regiment
1st Buckinghamshire Battalion, Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry Regiment
18th Battalion, Durham Light Infantry
4th Battalion, Northamptonshire Regiment
5th Battalion, Royal Berkshire Regiment
3rd Battalion, Monmouthshire Regiment
2/4th Battalion, Hampshire Regiment
2nd Battalion, Highland Light Infantry
1st Battalion, Welch Regiment
1st Battalion, Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders
Most of these units ended up being assigned to combat formations to replace units that were no longer combat effective, broken up for replacements, or both, in 1944-45, but it speaks to a doctrinal ("policy") issue; the Americans used either Army engineers or naval personnel (Naval Beach Battalions and Seabees) for their equivalents, and the British Army had an existing organization, in the Pioneer Corps, for just this sort of combat support assignment - yet they chose to use line infantry battalions.