DOP, Field depots, warehouses, Central Bases NKO

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Der Alte Fritz
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DOP, Field depots, warehouses, Central Bases NKO

Post by Der Alte Fritz » 30 Sep 2021 09:49

I am looking for sources on two subjetcs:

1) What did Divisional Exchange Points (DOP) and field warehouses look like?

I have a little information on these for instance:
Defense scheme of the military warehouse No. 1428
Schemes. Archive: TsAMO, Fund: 369, Inventory: 6725, File: 80, Sheet of the beginning of the document in the file: 27
Authors of the document: 17 A, Lieutenant Sikharulidze
Describes combat operation: no data

Схема обороны военного склад № 1428
Схемы. Архив: ЦАМО, Фонд: 369, Опись: 6725, Дело: 80, Лист начала документа в деле: 27
Авторы документа: 17 А, лейтенант Сихарулидзе
Описывает боевую операцию: нет данных
https://pamyat-naroda.ru/documents/view/?id=132630688

Some other details in these identical (?) documents
https://pamyat-naroda.ru/documents/view/?id=262181942
https://pamyat-naroda.ru/documents/view/?id=262181940

a pamyat-naroda.ru search for the term "склад" finds 318 documents but these are mainly just short reports.

2) Information on the Central Bases of the NKO
I have two main sources:
Golushko, I. M. Shtab Tyla Krasnoĭ Armii v gody voĭny 1941-1945 [Staff of the Rear of the Red Army 1941-45]. Moskva: Ėkonomika i informatika, 1998.

Skryabin, S. N. ‘Sozdanie baz snabzhenii͡a T͡sentra’ [Establishment of Supply Bases of the Centre]. Voenno-Istoricheskiĭ Zhurnal [Military History Journal], no. 10 (1986): 54–60.

and early ones (pre-war or June 1941) are listed in
Артиллерийское снабжение в Великой Отечественной войне 1941-45 гг. [Artillery Supply in the Great Patriotic War 1941-1945]. Moskva: GAU, 1977. https://www.soldat.ru/news/242.html.

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Re: DOP, Field depots, warehouses, Central Bases NKO

Post by Der Alte Fritz » 30 Sep 2021 11:55

One thing I would like to clear up is the date of NKO Order No.300
It is listed here for 1941:
300 Об организации на узловых станциях отделений вещевых складов НКО Наименование уточнено на основании данных, полученных на ВИФ РЖ http://www.teatrskazka.com/Raznoe/Prika ... 1_all.html but the document link (http://old.russ.ru/forums-new/war-ist/m ... 39003.html) is broken

and here for 1942:
300 Организация вещевых складов на узловых станциях Дублирование номера
http://www.teatrskazka.com/Raznoe/Prika ... 2_all.html

Russian Archive subject list has it under 1942:
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Anatol
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Re: DOP, Field depots, warehouses, Central Bases NKO

Post by Anatol » 13 Oct 2021 08:37


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Re: DOP, Field depots, warehouses, Central Bases NKO

Post by Der Alte Fritz » 19 Oct 2021 07:16

Thank you Anatol, I have seen several maps on Pamyat Naroda which show the location of DOP (Divisional Exchange Points) as a circle with an 'X' in the middle however I am particularly interested in what the structures or dugouts looked like which made up DOPs or Полевой склад - field warehouses as I am working with a group of archeologists exploring the Berlin battlefield and trying to identify various large holes dug into the ground.

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Re: DOP, Field depots, warehouses, Central Bases NKO

Post by Der Alte Fritz » 29 Dec 2021 23:04

Something of the 'official structure of artillery depots can be gleaned from this order:

Order

for the 61st Rifle Corps No.023 on the state of protection and organization of ammunition storage in the warehouses of divisions (March 26, 1945)

SECRETLY

ORDER

NO. 023 OF THE 61ST RIFLE CORPS
26 march 1945 Active Army
Content. On the state of protection and organization of ammunition savings in divisional warehouses.

on march 23 and 24, 1945, the chief of artillery supply of the corps checked the organization of storage, conservation and protection of ammunition in the artillery depots of the divisions.
The inspection revealed a number of violations of the rules for the conservation and protection of ammunition.
In the 247th Infantry Division:
1. The warehouse is located in the forest and covers an area of 15,000 square meters, guarded during the day by one sentry, and at night by two sentries. 15 pits have been opened for ammunition storage.
2. The territory of the warehouse is fenced with two rows of barbed wire in one stake.
3. Fire-fighting equipment is not enough; in total, there are two boards with shovels and axes in the warehouse and two barrels of water are installed.
4. Ammunition for batches of shot assembly is not sorted, their content is unsatisfactory, some of the shells of 45-mm and 122-mm howitzer are dirty and with a touch of rust.
In the 274th Infantry Division:
1. The warehouse is located in the forest and covers an area of 20,000 square meters, guarded by one sentry during the day and two sentries at night. 22 pits have been opened for ammunition storage.
2. The territory of the warehouse is fenced with four rows of barbed wire in one stake.
3. Fire-fighting equipment is scarce. In total, there are three shields with shovels, axes and bagrams in the warehouse, [these means] do not provide firefighting.
4. Ammunition for batches of shot assembly is not sorted, their content is unsatisfactory. 82 mm mines in the upper boxes of the stacks, with rust deposits.
Similar shortcomings exist in the warehouses of other divisions. Guards of 1-2 hours and in one stake wire fence [warehouses] are not provided from the penetration of persons into the territory of the warehouse for sabotage purposes.
This situation with regard to the protection and conservation of ammunition can lead to their damage and losses.
ORDER:
1. Provide reliable security that excludes the penetration of unauthorized persons into the territory of the warehouse.
Fence the warehouse with barbed wire in 3 stakes. Guard posts must be provided with communication (sound and visual) with a distance between posts of not more than 200 meters during the day and 100 meters at night.
2. Equip with firefighting posts, each stack with ammunition has a box with sand and a shovel or scoop; in addition, in the warehouse to have at least 3-4 barrels of water and buckets, 3-4 shields with axes and bagrams.
The entire territory of the warehouse should be cleared of debris and branches that contribute to the spread of fire.
3. In the warehouse to have at least 20 pits with a capacity of 2-3 three-ton vehicles for storing existing and incoming ammunition. The gap between the pits should be at least 35 meters.
4. All ammunition should be put in full order, artillery and mortar rounds should be sorted into batches of shot assembly, and hand grenades by batches, years of manufacture and factories.
5. Pits with ammunition are carefully camouflaged under the background of the surrounding area.
6. Organize systematic monitoring of the conservation and protection of ammunition.
Execution reported on April 1, 1945.

Commander of the 61st
Rifle Corps (signed)

Chief
of Staff of the 61st Rifle Corps
(signed)

Commander of
Artillery of the 61st Rifle Corps
(signed)

F. 1428, op. 62812c, d. 2, fol. 70.
Collection of combat documents of the Great Patriotic War. Issue 22.
http://www.teatrskazka.com/Raznoe/Sborn ... 22_58.html

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Vologda Central Bases NKO

Post by Der Alte Fritz » 02 Mar 2022 11:49

The Vologda Centre Base NKO served the North Western Direction (Northwestern Leningrad, Volkov and Karelian Fronts)
Commander: Lieutenant General Gerasimenko (Asst Chief of Rear)
Генерал-Лейтенант Герасименко Gerasimenko Vasiliy Filippovich Герасименко Василий Филиппович
Summary Documents
1. Announcement of arrival of Gerisimenko at Base Oct 1941 https://pamyat-naroda.ru/documents/view/?id=455001205 He is only commander for a month!
2. Order moving a warehouse and linking it to the Central Base https://pamyat-naroda.ru/documents/view/?id=455001206

In 1941, the Central Supply Base of the People's Commissariat of Defense of the USSR was established in Vologda. Its management became, in essence, a headquarters that directed transportation and provided everything necessary for the Leningrad Front, the city, the Baltic Fleet and all the armies that defended Leningrad from the southeastern shore of Lake Ladoga, as well as the Karelian Front. The base reported directly to the head of the Red Army Logistics, A.V. Khrulev. Major General P.V. Karpukhin was appointed its head. As in any front headquarters, the central base had all the rear services. At the disposal of P.V. Karpukhin, two automobile battalions were allocated to work inside the base and three battalions to deliver goods along dirt roads from Vologda through Volkhov to Lake Ladoga. In addition to autobats, three more horse-drawn transport battalions were fixed. As evidenced by the documents of the Vologda City Committee of the All-Union Communist Party of Bolsheviks of that time, local party and Soviet bodies rendered great assistance in the creation of rear institutions of the Leningrad and other fronts. In particular, the necessary premises were allocated for the placement of warehouses, workshops and service units; a lot of work was carried out to increase the storage area due to new construction; helping the workshops of the People's Commissariat of Defense,Vologda also hosted one of the supply bases for the USSR Navy.

From the first days of the war, Vologda became an important point for the evacuation of the wounded and sick from the places of hostilities, their admission to hospitals or further transportation to the rear. There was a distribution evacuation point (REP-95) here, the system of which included dozens of hospitals, evacuation facilities and means of transportation. The REP-95 office was located in the building at 9 Mira Street (now the regional House of Sanitary Education), as well as in an unpreserved house on Mira Street, where the Book House is now. Already on June 27, 1941, military hospital train No. 312 headed from Vologda to the front, equipped in a few days at a locomotive-carriage repair plant, staffed in Vologda by a team, medical personnel. Subsequently, this VSP will be widely known - after Vera Panova writes the story "Companions" about him. The wounded flocked to Vologda from three fronts: Karelian, Leningrad, Volkhov. One of the documents of the city committee of the party noted: “The war promoted Vologda as a major medical center of the country ... More than one division of recovered soldiers and officers of the Red Army went to the front after treatment in our hospitals. Numerous scientific works have been published in Vologda.” Some hospitals were stationed in the city for years, others for several months or even less. According to researcher B. N. Konasov, only nineteen evacuation hospitals were deployed in Vologda in different years of the war. One of them is reminded by a memorial plaque fixed on the second building of the Polytechnic Institute (Voroshilov Street, 1): “In this building from June 24, 1941 to December 1945, the evacuation hospital 1184 was located for the treatment of wounded soldiers of the Red Army.” A lot of research work was carried out in the military medical institutions of the city during the war years. So, only in 1943, several scientific conferences of military doctors were held, in which hundreds of delegates and guests, representatives of the army, front and rear areas participated. The staff of the Institute of Epidemiology and Microbiology, the blood transfusion station, located on Sovetsky Prospekt, worked fruitfully. ... Not all the wounded returned to duty from hospitals. Some of them could not be saved. Some died while still on hospital trains. There are three mass military graves in the city: in the Zarechnaya part, along the Poshekhonskoye highway and in the village of Molochnoye. Vologda residents sacredly honor the memory of the fallen...

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