OpanaPointer wrote: ↑
21 Mar 2020 18:33
Sheldrake wrote: ↑
21 Mar 2020 15:55
OpanaPointer wrote: ↑
20 Mar 2020 18:20
Subdas Chandra Bose didn't cause any problems?
Much less, I suspect, than anyone feared. Bose had fallen out with Gandhi and the Congress party who dominated Indian politics. His clerarly Japanse backed political movement did not gain traction inside India. At peak strength the INA had around maybe 50.000 troops under arms. Like the Hiwis many of them were recruited from PW camps where the alternative was starvation and ill treatment. The 1944 U-Go offensive had the INA as flank guards so they were not leading a Liberating army
Thanks. Seems some folks inflate his influence for their own goals.
Actually this is not factually correct in terms of campaign ORBAT or Mission deployment. INA's role was downplayed by wartime Britain to stop widespread disaffection in India, if the truth came out!
My grandpa said that the INA was often referred to as the Imperial Nipponian Army in wartime Bengal, by orchestrated British narratives.
While Sheldrake is right about the total numbers on INA's rolls, he is off the mark on their deployment. In the Arakans, INA troops formed the "Bahadur" units. These were Force Recon groups, operating ahead of the main Japanese formations.
Their tasks included recce, raiding, subversion of British Indian units and serving as forward screens. One such unit actually crossed the Indo - Burma border and occupied Modawk in the Chittagong district of Bengal, South East of the better known Cox Bazar, in the hilly regions.
On the way to Modawk, the parent unit of this INA detachment, routed the West African Div covering a substantial stretch of the route from the Arakans to India.
In the UGo offensive area ( Manipur + Nagaland) Indian units served in the forward echelons for e.g., in the Palel airport area.
Yes, a substantial number of INA were involved in flank support and rear area, line of communication security too.
More substantial involvement of the INA is noted in the battle for the Burmese heartland next year i.e., 1945. Mount Popa, Irrawady crossings, Meiktila et al were sectors where INA formed the main defending forces.
It must be noted that after Mohan Singh fell out with the Japanese, the First INA was largely defunct in 1942. It was only after Bose's arrival in SE Asia in late '43, that the INA Project took off in earnest. There was too little time available between Bose's taking over and the UGo offensive in March 44, for a really substantial force to be sent up.
Without referring to my notes, offhand I would say, somewhere in the region of 26000 INA troops actually saw battle in India and Burma.