(b) The number of the Wehrmacht schedules and the number of required freight train schedules (in parentheses) in the schedules of the Eastern Railway
On the railway maps along the Eastern border also record of railway level crossings Vlodava (at the bend between Brest-Litovsk and Dorohusk) and Stoyanov (along the route Lemburg - Kiwerce - Sapiezanka), as far as I remember, has not been put into operation.
As I remember, the operated border crossings, such as Husiatyn was only allowed to operate half trains, due to the low capacity of the surrounding lines and has been used because of the need for multiple rail heads for local border traffic, but rarely for the provision of transport to the East. Practically for through traffic to and from the Eastern districts there were only 9 border crossings to be taken into consideration.
Of these Malkinia and Platerow serve exclusively as transport to the Army Group Centre region. The vast majority of this is also true for the crossing Terespol, but this was occasionally used for transport to the southern sector too. Transportation programs in the east-west direction into the southern areas, however, have been carried out as planned using Terespol on several occasions. The connection to the southern sector was carried out for the rest on the crossing points Dorohusk, Hrubieszow, Ulwowek, Brody, Zbaraz and Podwoloczyska.
2) The overall performance of border crossings
As I recall, the target number of trains that were to be passed daily for all border crossings to the Eastern districts, was for a long time in the region of around 200 trains. At the end of 1942 I have the number of 240 trains in mind. Over the Eastern border crossings of the Government General I would put it initially about 100, later going up to 170 trains daily. I also believe that the requirements of the Wehrmacht have not gone up in the years 1943 and 1944 from these figures.
These figures include all kinds of trains (eg. Front leave trains, civilian passenger trains, hospital trains, troop transport, Wehrmacht supply trains of all kinds, trains with construction materials, economic trains, economic coal trains, railway service coal trains and freight trains of public transport).
According to my records, I have depicted in Appendix 1 at week averages, how much trains in the period from the 49th week of 1941 (taking over the operation in the district of Lemberg (L'vov) by the Eastern Railway) up to the 20th week 1943 were daily handled by the border stations and handed over to the Eastern districts. (1)
The minimum is at an average of 34 trains / day in week 52 of 1941; similar low values are still present in the first two exceptionally cold months of 1942. (If, as once happened in early February 1942 for two consecutive days only 34 or 35 trains were delivered, it evoked in the Wehrmacht extraordinary agitation.) The maximum for this time period was in the 17th week of 1943 which reached 147 trains / day, after the performance had moved several times already to almost the same level in the summer of 1942. The drop in performance from autumn 1942 to spring 1943 is likely to be due mainly to lower requirements of the customer and only a small part to the difficulty in railways; since the winter of 1942-43 was very mild, and the railway had put its building programme, its operation and also its locomotive service behind the needs of the Eastern campaign.
There were observed in the first 20 weeks of 1943 a daily traffic of 124.8 passed trains leads to the conclusion that at that time have located the average total benefits for the Eastern districts was by no means over 200 trains / day, an average number of trains of 400 trains / day would meet together in both directions.
The total absolute numbers, the one for the three periods of time "last 4 weeks, 1941", "1942" and "first 20 weeks of 1943" are obtained when adding the daily average values for the appropriate column and multipling by the number of days of the week, found in the last line of the table in Appendix 2.
Then in the last 4 weeks of 1941, 1330, in the year 1942, 38556 and in the first 20 weeks of the year 1943, 17472 trains crossed the border of the Eastern Railway in an easterly direction. In 75 weeks, this adds up to 57,358 trains, or an average of 76, 5 trains per day.
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Last edited by Der Alte Fritz on 24 Mar 2016 08:52, edited 1 time in total.