An academic article (with several maps) showing the demographics of Poland's Recovered Territories in 1950

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Steve
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Re: An academic article (with several maps) showing the demographics of Poland's Recovered Territories in 1950

Post by Steve » 09 Feb 2021 22:43

Some interesting figures on German expulsions all taken from the book Germans to Poles by Hugo Service 2013.

In pre war Polish censuses around 670,000 people had declared themselves ethnic Germans. Over 700,000 ethnic German “Heim ins Reich” settlers had been moved to pre war Polish territory. A further 750,000 German citizens had been brought in to work for the German occupation authorities.

About 2.8 million Polish citizens had registered on the Deutsche Volksliste but less than a quarter of them had declared themselves as ethnic Germans in pre war censuses. Most people on the Deutsche Volksliste were “rehabilitated” but hundreds of thousands had to go through rehabilitation courts. Several hundreds of thousands were transported to Germany in the early post war years.

The original plan at the end of the war was for the Soviet controlled Polish army to clear a strip of land along Poland’s new western border of Germans. However, expulsions in ex German territory escalated during June and July as newly installed authorities and security organs became involved. Expulsions were chaotic and it was only in areas directly adjacent to the Oder Neisse Rivers that the Germans were physically moved across the border. It seems that a large proportion of expellees managed to return to their homes during this first chaotic phrase and only about 300,000 to 400,000 were actually expelled. In the second half of 1945 many Germans started leaving of their own accord and in all about a million were gone by the end of 1945.

An estimated 2.6 million German citizens, ethnically German pre war Polish citizens and Heim ins Reich settlers were transported into the British and Soviet zones of Germany between 1946 and 1949. Between mid June 1945 and the end of 1949 3.6 million Germans had either decided to leave or were deported.

Futurist
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Re: An academic article (with several maps) showing the demographics of Poland's Recovered Territories in 1950

Post by Futurist » 10 Feb 2021 07:48

Steve wrote:
09 Feb 2021 22:43
The original plan at the end of the war was for the Soviet controlled Polish army to clear a strip of land along Poland’s new western border of Germans.
Were Germans in the interior territories initially planned to be allowed to stay put?

Sid Guttridge
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Re: An academic article (with several maps) showing the demographics of Poland's Recovered Territories in 1950

Post by Sid Guttridge » 10 Feb 2021 12:48

Hi Futurist,

Your map in Post #15 illustrates a complaint the Romanians had at the 2nd Vienna Arbitration/Dictat.

There the Hungarians presented a map showing all the areas they claimed were majority Hungarian in red, and all the other nationalities in muted colours. The result, even if accurate, had the effect of making the Hungarian presence look more prominent than it actually was.

Whether accurate or not, your Polish map does the same. From the 1919 date, I presume it was prepared to influence the Curzon border commission?

Cheers,

SId.

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Steve
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Re: An academic article (with several maps) showing the demographics of Poland's Recovered Territories in 1950

Post by Steve » 10 Feb 2021 17:09

Skimming through the book I cannot find a reason as to why the German population was cleared along the Oder Neisse at the end of the war by the Polish army. It could be that the Polish government wanted to establish the new border as quickly as possible with a clear demarcation line. By expelling the German population along the new border every German entering this zone could be identified as coming out of what was now Poland. I do not feel like reading the whole book so your guess is as good as mine.

Skilled German workers would be kept as they were needed to run industrial plants etc. The new Polish communist government introduced an ethnic screening process so that many people classed as ethnic Germans on the Deutshe Volkslist could be re-classified as Polish. There was also the matter of re-Polinization of people who had forgotten their Polish roots. A blanket deportation of everyone suspected of being a German was not intended.

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Re: An academic article (with several maps) showing the demographics of Poland's Recovered Territories in 1950

Post by Futurist » 10 Feb 2021 20:00

Sid Guttridge wrote:
10 Feb 2021 12:48
Hi Futurist,

Your map in Post #15 illustrates a complaint the Romanians had at the 2nd Vienna Arbitration/Dictat.

There the Hungarians presented a map showing all the areas they claimed were majority Hungarian in red, and all the other nationalities in muted colours. The result, even if accurate, had the effect of making the Hungarian presence look more prominent than it actually was.

Whether accurate or not, your Polish map does the same. From the 1919 date, I presume it was prepared to influence the Curzon border commission?

Cheers,

SId.
AFAIK, it might have been prepared to influence the Curzon border commission, but I can't guarantee this for sure. Here are some language dot maps of Poland from its 1931 census, for comparison:

viewtopic.php?f=111&t=250904

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