Spanish Morocco during WW2 (?)

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Viktor.S
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Spanish Morocco during WW2 (?)

Post by Viktor.S » 06 May 2020 19:19

Hello everyone,

I have some questions about Spanish Morocco during WW2, given that it was a neutral territory in the midst of the North African war zone.

>Was there much of a foreign population in this territory during the war, and if so, is there any evidence of espionage by either side in Spanish Morocco?
>Did Spanish Morocco accept wartime refugees from other territories?
>Was there much of a Moroccan nationalist presence in this territory during the war? If so, did they favour either side in the conflict?
>Did the shipping or fishing vessels operating from this territory suffer any wartime losses?
>Was land-based travel between Spanish Morocco and other parts of North Africa effectively cut off during the war, or did transit exist on any level?
>What sort of Spanish military presence was there in this territory?

Thanks.

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Ironmachine
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Re: Spanish Morocco during WW2 (?)

Post by Ironmachine » 07 May 2020 07:17

>What sort of Spanish military presence was there in this territory?
Though there were some changes during the war, broadly speaking we can say that there were two army corps with first five and later (from september 1940) seven infantry divisions plus smaller units, at its most strength about 150,000 men. The Air Force had about 60 planes, mostly Heinkel He-112 and Polikarpov R-Z.

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Ironmachine
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Re: Spanish Morocco during WW2 (?)

Post by Ironmachine » 07 May 2020 14:47

Was there much of a foreign population in this territory during the war, and if so, is there any evidence of espionage by either side in Spanish Morocco?
Foreign population was very small. AFAIK, there was not much espionage in Spanish Morocco by either side. Espionage was carried out mainly in Tangier. Even though it was occupied by Spain, its status as an International Zone made it far easier (and valuable) to carry out espionage missions there.

Viktor.S
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Re: Spanish Morocco during WW2 (?)

Post by Viktor.S » 08 May 2020 11:11

Ironmachine wrote:
07 May 2020 07:17
Though there were some changes during the war, broadly speaking we can say that there were two army corps with first five and later (from september 1940) seven infantry divisions plus smaller units, at its most strength about 150,000 men. The Air Force had about 60 planes, mostly Heinkel He-112 and Polikarpov R-Z.
Thank you. How much of this force was made of colonial troops vs. peninsular Spanish troops?
Ironmachine wrote:
07 May 2020 14:47
Foreign population was very small. AFAIK, there was not much espionage in Spanish Morocco by either side.
Did Spain allow foreigners in to Spanish Morocco during the war? Or were the borders closed?

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Ironmachine
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Re: Spanish Morocco during WW2 (?)

Post by Ironmachine » 08 May 2020 12:54

How much of this force was made of colonial troops vs. peninsular Spanish troops?
On January 1941 there were about 38,000 rank-and-file soldiers in native units (Grupos de Regulares), but this includes a significant number of non-native men (about 30% of the total on paper). That will give you an idea about the ratio of "colonial" vs. Spanish troops.

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Loïc
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Re: Spanish Morocco during WW2 (?)

Post by Loïc » 16 Mar 2021 23:05

concerning espionnage, Spanish Morocco is perceveid as a german platform

The Spanish government favorised the growth of the german intelligence apparatus in the Peninsula of course but also in North Africa.
The services of the Reich are very presents in the spanish zone and Franco favorised the installation of a strong german delegation in Tangiers
The French are constantly fighting against the activities of the Spanish services in Morocco between 1940 and 1942 always suspected as being on the payroll of the Germans. Several cases of espionage darken the french-spanish relationships
Michel Catala


There were 80 000 germans in the Peninsula. The nazi obervation posts along the Mediterranean coast were very useful to Germany and were directly responsibles to the damages inflicted at the summer 1943 to a British convoy of 50 000 t.
Despite Franco's promises these posts were maintained or others were raised near Gibraltar or in Spanish Morocco to detect the allied ships
David Wingeate Pike

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