Training of 9 SS Hohenstaufen

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Aida1
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Re: Training of 9 SS Hohenstaufen

Post by Aida1 » 19 Mar 2021 20:48

IV Marches
29) the marches of moto troops are carried out according to the same principles as troops of all weapons. Only the march setup, the march organisation and the chronological order are different.
30) In front of the battlegroup , marches a vanguard as forward combat and protection unit that belongs to it.
As a rule it consist of the fast regiment, respectively parts of it but not under btln strength or a reinforced pz gren btln.
31) The vanguard is followed at a distance of 30 min by an advance party (1/3 of the main column)which as forward battle group is to be equipped with sufficient artillery and additional tank hunter units . This advance party is organised in point, point company and remainder- advance party. Distance from point to point company 4-6 min , point company to the remainder of the advance party 8-10 min. Generally the point consists of a platoon reinforced by an AT gun, a group engineer platoon and a heavy mortar. The point platoon sends a group 1-3 min forward . At the end of the point company generally marches the command echelon of the advance party commander , at the end of the advance party batln with 3-5 min distance the command echelon of the regt , the subordinated artillery Abteilung with the battery troops of the Abteilung and the command echelon of the division.
32) The main part of the battle group follows the advance party with 30 min distance. It marches in several march troops which follow each other with 3-5 min distance,to make command easier.
The communication between advance party and the main and within the main of the march troop is established by communication drivers.
Each rearward march group, respectively march troop commander is responsible for the maintaining of the communication forward, should not pursue a broken away unit, but sends motorcyclists forward to connect.
Route designation and guides at crossroads and fork roads make following easier at sudden changing of direction, blockings and towns.'

to be continued

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Aida1
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Re: Training of 9 SS Hohenstaufen

Post by Aida1 » 20 Mar 2021 19:27

' The Feldgendarmerie of the div will in most cases direct traffic on the most important passages. Independently marching battlegroups will when possible have traffic control troops subordinated to them by division. At turnoffs roads will be marked by the divisional flag with a directional arrow in the heading of the march. All men to the last driver must know the divisional flag and the road marking so that after the temporary breakdown of a vehicle, it can follow.
33) The assembly for the march forward is done according to precise time calculation , at best in march troops which stand ready beside the road and are threaded into the forward movement.
Fluid threading is ideal but can not always be implemented. When fluid threading in is not possible, then order a runoff point and have a short stop before the runoff point. Clogging up at the run off point is to be avoided. Thereby however avoid any congregation and halt on the marchup road.
Threading- in and runoff officers are indispensable in this.
Each march troop commander is himself responsable that he threads in correctly in the ordered march direction.
The advance to assembly has to be so regulated that no march crossings occur at the assembly and through this endanger the timely departure.
First calculate march length in meters, then calculate the time in minutes to pass through at a certain point, in this not be ungenerous in calculating the march length. The difference of the march lengths in minutes in a unit at different speeds is only small.
34) During the advance the batln ord. officers are with the regiment, those of the regiment at the division.
They report at the same time the timely and correct march structural departure of their group. '

to be continued

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Aida1
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Re: Training of 9 SS Hohenstaufen

Post by Aida1 » 21 Mar 2021 19:29

'35) The march tempo of the vanguard is independent of that of the battle groups.
The front of the advance guard of the battlegroup should never exceed the top speed. The speed depends on road, terrain, weather and type of vehicle. Do not demand average speed but order top speed.
The following top speeds can be used as a clue:

For units with mostly day night
Full track 20 km/hour 12 km/ hour
halftrack 25 km/hour 15 km/ hour
wheeled 30 km/hour 18 km/ hour
motorcycle 40 km /hour 20 km/hour

Any faster top speed is forbidden
After departure at first very low speed , only when the whole unit is driving , gradually augment speed. Equally, no sudden lowering or augmenting speed. Even only short halts in the front of the column have always more effect to the rear.

36) At the end of each unit drives a closing (officer or older NCO). He decides on the fate of broken down vehicles and reports it to the commander. The closing prevents the unallowed overtaking by other columns in case of a halt. The last vehicle of a column must carry a red white flag, during the night a red white lantern. Broken down vehicles free the road , set the broken down flag and wave through the other vehicles. A Schirrmeister with repair troop fixes small damage or orders the repair by the driver. Repaired vehicles cannot overtake, but attach themselves to the nearest unit and drove forward to their unit at the next stop.
Any driving past a marching mot unit by individual bigger vehicles leads to severe interference with the march , endangers the communication of orders and brings the danger of jams.'

to be continued

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Re: Training of 9 SS Hohenstaufen

Post by Aida1 » 22 Mar 2021 19:40

' Driving forward during movement can only be done by:

Command staffs
Reporting bodies and command receivers
Medical officers
Units tactically ordered forward

....
Marching columns cannot be overtaken by other columns.
Stationary or slow driving columns can only be undertaken when the commander is asked or proof of authority by a higher office exists, respectively when an ordered tactical deployment makes it necessary.

38)Individual reprting drivers that drive out of the column, have to be educated to pay attention that the left side of the road is free from reporting vehicles that drive past the column from the front or the rear.
Without this, collisions , in some cases delays in important reports are unavoidable .
If one has to turn aound unexpectedly then first drive up sharp right and vehicles turn individually. The commanders place themselves forward and the units follow in the old order , or as they stand after the turn. In favourable terrain the units turn in a large curve on side roads or in the terrain.
39) The distance from vehicle to vehicle depends on the speed.At 20 km 20 meter, at 30 km 30 meter etc....
But never less than 20 meter . When stopping, distances remain. A driving up radiator to tailboard is strictly forbidden.
Is the distance higher than ordered then in this case also not chase, but slowly drive after.
....
40) In long night marches , there is the great danger that drivers and co-drivers fall asleep. It is therefore strictly forbidden to close the side window of the driver compartment.
At the halt of the column , drivers and co-drivers always dismount. The same goes for all officers.'

to be continued

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Re: Training of 9 SS Hohenstaufen

Post by Aida1 » 23 Mar 2021 19:03

' ....
41) Resting and stops
Halts should be inserted every 20 minutes. Stops mostly at the street. Drive up to the right and seek cover against aircraft. Vehicles have to be checked. Special technical stops will not be inserted.
There should be a rest every 4-5 hours and should be for 2 1/2 hours minimum.
In a time scheme, everything halts at the time that is ordered and goes in air cover besides the road.
In a place scheme, an officer is sent forward as recce, in addition one man from each company whose mission is to orient their units.
During the rest one must refuel, perform small repairs, the troop is to be given a breal.
A smooth drive off to the march road is to be ensured.
42) In the deployment to combat, often tactically integrated units like for example artillery are pulled forward and branch off to move into position.
The commanders of rearward elements therefore not only have to keep contact with the unit marching before it but also with their tactical unit to maintain tactical communication.
43) During day marches anti air machineguns have to be combat ready. Air lookouts observe the air space on each vehicle.
44) During marches near the enemy , all soldiers on the vehicle are combat ready.
Observers look right and left of the march road.
This is of great importance specifically with tankhunters and AT rifle troops.
45) The strong building up of dust during summer marches forces to protect all weapons against the penetration of dust during the vehicle march. Otherwise malfunction is the rule.
46) At a march stop each btln commander and each company commander must establish which is the reason for the halt insofar as there was no order for this.
Often the reason is that the unit is disrupted or another unit is jammed in the march order or crosses the march road.
In night marches the reason sometimes is also that some driver fell asleep and halts the whole forward movement.'

to be continued

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Re: Training of 9 SS Hohenstaufen

Post by Sheldrake » 23 Mar 2021 20:28

Brilliant material. What is the source document?

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Aida1
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Re: Training of 9 SS Hohenstaufen

Post by Aida1 » 25 Mar 2021 18:09

National archives microcopy T 354 roll 147 . Operational records of waffen ss units

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Re: Training of 9 SS Hohenstaufen

Post by Aida1 » 25 Mar 2021 19:01

'48) Upon the approach of enemy armoured recce vehicles to the column, the road is immediately to be blocked by transversely placed vehicles and the armoured recce vehicles have to be disabled through AT guns or tank destroyer troops.

49) Ord. officers of the btln frequently oversee the fluid march movement and the keeping together of the columns at fork roads and then move by motorcycle to their staff again.

V. Vanguard

50)The vanguard is a security unit in the manner of a fast advance guard.
It guarantees the safety and fluidity of the advance of the folowing battlegroup.Because of its higher speed it is capable of occupying important terrain features, constrictions and woods edges before the enemy and secure the advance of the following column.
They can be fast thrown over river sectors to take bridges , to timely take possession of important heights and by its speed and elasticity solve all missions in the direction of the advance that the advance guard would have had to take later by combat.

51) The vanguard advances by stages. It is responsable for its own recce.
52) For its mission the vanguard has to be reinforced by AT platoons, inf gun platoons and engineer platoons.
When it advances to river sections , engineer recce troops can ge given to it which can do early the necessary engineer technical reconnaissance under its protection.
53) The missions of the vanguard are generally of a defensive nature . It occupies and holds.
It has to break weak resistance through attack.
54) Often the vanguard already finds out the enemy situation.
In a clash with the enemy, the commander of the vanguard must always through intensive recce aim to establish the base for the combat of the following battle group.

55) Because the vanguard at first fights alone it must be careful to secure its flanks. Protection against tanks in front and flank is always necessary. Fast blocking of streets , open mining ,security through AT guns, recce in the flanks.'

to be continued

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Re: Training of 9 SS Hohenstaufen

Post by Aida1 » 27 Mar 2021 18:53

'56) With the entry into combat of the vanguard, the advance guard needs at first automatically to be subordinated to the vanguard commander.
She is then to be released from combat as soon as possible and gathered by the battle group as mobile reserve.
57) When the advance comes back underway, without having to count with serious fighting, then the advance guard will be available again for its main mission.
58) The command of an advance guard requires much dexterity and caution. In addition it requires a superbly trained troop which is able to deceive the enemy. It must endeavour to create the impression with the enemy that it has a stronger force in front of itself by lively combat especially feigning artillery using its inf guns like the firefight of a battery.
If it can do this without incurring large losses in its combat power then it will be an incredible asset for the regiment.
Its training must therefore be multifunctional. Besides the mastering of its weapons, it must be specifically trained in engineer technics, in the recce service, in fast defense , in the fast shifting of its forces, in deceiving the enemy through mobile combat and in the tenacious holding of its position.

VI The encounter combat

59) The encounter combat is the most frequent type of combat of the panzergrenadiere. In it ,it is important for the fast infantry to be quicker than the enemy in combat readiness , to shatter him by the force of the fire of its artillery and heavy weapons and make him combat ineffective by the infantry.
60) The quick encounter battle should never be unorganised.
Without strong support of numerous heavy weapons, the infantry will always have unnecessary bloody losses.
61) The most important in the encounter battle is first the march setup of the advance according to the combat objective .
62) With the entry into combat of the foremost units , at first the commanders of artillery and heavy weapons get their combat missions after the troop commanders have gotten a clear idea of the attack plan based on the impression of the enemy, the terrain and its missions. They must hastily make all preparations to be ready to fire quickly. The attack fireplan of artillery and heavy weapons can at first be crude and initially consist of the combat missions given by the troop commanders.
It is the business of the commanders of artillery and heavy weapons to solidify it during the progression of the battle.
In the encounter battle, the first cannon shot is the first trump card to be played.'

to be continued

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Re: Training of 9 SS Hohenstaufen

Post by Aida1 » 28 Mar 2021 16:45

'63) The infantry that comes up deployed from behind must already at its entry in the infantry operation zone, be able to be protected by a firescreen of heavy machineguns ,artillery and infantryguns.

64) The enemy wil not show himself at first but rather gradually first makes himself noticeable by his defensive fire. Attentiveness of the artillery observers, timely measuring work by the light and sound measuring units, house, churchtower and tree observers must do everything to spy him out.

65) The heavy machineguns must in the first line keep the enemy down through direct fire in the sectors where the enemy is suspected. Infantry guns work into the cover where the enemy should be, based on the map.
High points(churchtowers, high houses) in which there could be enemy observers are immediately whacked by AT guns or infantryguns. Enemy resistance nests like villages are put on fire , tactically disagreeable pieces of wood, etc.. are cleared by smoke and explosive ammunition.
66)One should never save ammo when one has to save human lives.
67) The infantry gets clear attack objectives from the troop commander which have to be subdivided to the lowest combat units. It is primarily supported by direct firing heavy machineguns and heavy mortars. Furthermore, the communication to the heavy weapons and the artillery through the batln has to be guaranteed.
The forward observer of the Abteilung has to work in close agreement with the infantry.

VIII The attack

68) The attack belongs to the nature of the fast infantry. It requires thorough combat technical training. As a rule it is carried out from deployment.The collaboration of combined weapons has to be guaranteed in all units to lead to fast success with small losses. '

to be continued

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Re: Training of 9 SS Hohenstaufen

Post by Aida1 » 29 Mar 2021 19:06

' 69) The approach of the attack has to be well considered and specifically take into consideration the terrain for the attack which should especially benefit the approach towards the enemy.
In unfavourable terrain the attack should be conducted in great breath, in favourable terrain in depth. In unfavourable terrain the machine weapons keep the enemy in scheck, in favourable attack terrain the loosened up and deep attack power is brought to the enemy under the concentrated fire protection of the heavy weapons and the mass of the artillery and breaks in and through him. Assault teams of infantry, engineers and if available armoured cars are preferably to be used here.
The heavy machineguns and the mortar troop directly support the company battlegroups.
The infantrygun platoons keep near to the infantry and support the attack through strikes on the enemy infantry and reaching into slopes.
A unified tactical fire direction by the commander of the inf gun company is to be aimed at.
Tank hunter platoons follow the infantry staggered and by jumps. They stand ready to defend against enemy tanks but generally also intervene in combat with explosive ammunition against point targets insofar as there is no danger from tanks.
The artillery advances its forward observers with the infantry which can direct the fire of the artillery in close support of the infantry.
The combined effect of the atillery must always express itself on the decisive spot.
70) The fight for fire superiority must be conducted by all weapons with extreme vigour, in which ammunition should play no role.'

to be continued

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Re: Training of 9 SS Hohenstaufen

Post by Aida1 » 30 Mar 2021 18:34

' The heavy machineguns, the light machineguns, the sharpshooters, the rifle grenade men ,the riflemen, the mortars, the inf guns and AT guns , the artillery with its weapons , deluge the ebemy with its tactically well ordered and flexible fire force him down and through this assist the infantry in approach and breakin.
71) the heavy weapons of the reserves can also temporarily be used for the support of the attack troops. However, the filling up of its amunition must be guaranteed at all times.
72) The tactical commander , that is the btln commander must have his main focus on the tight fire command . It is the most important factor in success.
73) In a successful break in , it is immediately pushed further after rearranging the troops, with support of the fast following , inf guns and AT guns, so that this moral and tactical weak moment with the enemy is fully exploited.
The command must ensure the timely securing of the flanks by reserves.Tank protection in front.
74) If the enemy starts to run, further back mot troops, mixed pursuit units are to be deployed to keep up the pressure on the enemy.'

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Re: Training of 9 SS Hohenstaufen

Post by Aida1 » 31 Mar 2021 18:38

' 2./SS Pz Gren rgt 1 Duty roster for the 28.06.1943

0600 Waking up
0615 Issuing coffee
1245 lunch
1830 Issuing of orders
2200 Lights out

07.10 Falling in of the company
0715 Departure for combat training
0745 -1200 Combat training
a) 0745-0900 Aspects of the attack(Focal point: preparation for attack,throwing of handgrenades, shooting from the hip, quick firing)
b) 0915-1200
1st platoon shock troop tactics H.Dv. 130 2a number 566-577 ; H.Div 299 4 a number 339-345
2nd platoon attack in the woods H.Dv 299 4a number 106-117,104
3rd platoon city combat H.Dv 299 4a number 304-368
4th platoon:
1st heavy machinegun group with 1st platoon
2nd heavy machinegun group with 2nd platoon
heavy mortar group with 3rd platoon

Company troop with 2nd platoon
1345-1445 bedrest
1455 Faling in of the company
1500 Departure of the company
1515- 1645 Weapon technique
a) light machinegun Loading with drumbelt or from ammo box. Changing barrel . Readying the machinegun for quick preparedness for firing. Going into position. Changing the way of support.)
b) heavy machinegun Loading. Changing barrel. ..Aiming exercices Firing commands. ... '

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Re: Training of 9 SS Hohenstaufen

Post by Aida1 » 31 Mar 2021 18:54

' 2./ SSPzGrenRgt 1 Duty roster for sunday the 27.06.1943

0630 Waking up
06345 Issuing of coffee
1230 Lunch
2200 Lights out

0740 Falling in of the company
0745 -0845 Sport( Ground exercices, .., jumping over trenches and obstacles, close combat)
0900-1000 Weapon cleaning
1015 Weapons mustering
1115 -1215 Ideological schooling( implementation of the programme of the NSDAP)
1400-1500 room cleaning '

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Re: Training of 9 SS Hohenstaufen

Post by Aida1 » 01 Apr 2021 17:45

' 2./SS PzGrenRgt 1 Duty roster 23.06.1943
0500 Waking up
0515 Issuing coffee
1815 Isuing of orders
1845 Diner
2200 Lights out

0510 Falling in of the company
0515 March off to company exercise
Company exercise
The company as vanguard company on the march with attack from movement
March road : Becelaere-Gheluveldt-Zandvoorde-Hollebele-road direction verbranden- molen-zwarfelden-Reutel-Becelaere-(on the bridge over the channel between Ieper and Lys channel attack from movement in northwesterly direction)
Map from Belgium 1:40000 Page nr 28 (map 1:100000 not used as the channel is not drawn on it)
Aim of the exercise
Marchdiscipline, securing the march, marching in air march depth, defense against fighterbombers, attack from movement over a bridge and subsequent wood terrain. Rest, securing the rest.
1600 Return
1615-1645 Foot mustering
1700-1800 Weapons cleaning '

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