Ritterkreuz / Knight's Cross Actions

Discussions on the personalities of the Wehrmacht and of the organizations not covered in the other sections. Hosted by askropp and Frech.
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Major Bernd von Doering of 16. Panzer-Division

Post by AlifRafikKhan » 24 Jan 2021 09:59

Bernd von Doering (16 January 1903 – 7 July 1944) received the Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes on 30 November 1940 as Major and Kommandeur II.Bataillon / Schützen-Regiment 79 / 16.Panzer-Division. The following wartime excerpt describes why Doering would be awarded the Ritterkreuz: “Major Doering and his Bataillon eliminated strong elements of a fleeing enemy Battalion during the forest battles south of Sedan at Mt. Damion and Mt. Cygne from 17 May 1940 onwards. The subsequent pursuit battles led to the Maas river at Sepvigny. The bridge site at Bourcy was taken despite the presence of a strong garrison, and this victory meant that the Bataillon became the first formation of the 16. Infanterie-Division to reach the southern bank of the Maas. Successful village combat took place in the continued combat south of the Maas, during which 350 prisoners were taken.”

Sources :
https://www.geni.com/people/Bernd-von-D ... 4256512852
https://www.tracesofwar.com/persons/290 ... d.htm?c=aw
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Oberst Albert Buck of 198. Infanterie-Division

Post by AlifRafikKhan » 07 Feb 2021 07:42

Albert Buck (23 January 1895 – 6 September 1942) received the Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes on 17 July 1941 as Oberst and Kommandeur Grenadier-Regiment 305 / 198.Infanterie-Division. The following press article describes why Buck was awarded the Ritterkreuz: “Generalmajor Buck Fallen: During the heavy fighting in the Noworossijsk area the commander of an Infanterie-Division, Ritterkreuzträger Generalmajor Albert Buck, fell in battle on the 06.09.1942. As an Oberst and commander of an Infanterie-Regiment he forced a crossing over the Pruth river near Sculeni on the 22.06.1941. Here he created a bridgehead and subsequently defended it successfully against the onslaught of 2 Soviet divisions. Within this time he personally led his reserve in counterthrusts during multiple threatening situations, and the result was that all Bolshevik attempts to retake the bridgehead were thwarted. The victorious battle fought by Buck’s Regiment was of decisive importance for future operations. For this he was awarded the Ritterkreuz in July 1941. His death means that his Division has lost an outstanding commander who always kept the well-being of his troops in mind.”

Sources :
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albert_Buck
viewtopic.php?p=1895325#p1895325
http://ritterkreuztraeger.blogspot.com/ ... -buck.html
https://www.tracesofwar.com/persons/289 ... t.htm?c=aw
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Oberst Georg von Bismarck of 7. Panzer-Division

Post by AlifRafikKhan » 13 Feb 2021 07:39

Georg von Bismarck (15 February 1891 – 31 August 1942) received the Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes on 29 September 1940 as Oberst and Kommandeur Schützen-Regiment 7 / 7.Panzer-Division. Here follows an excerpt from Bismarck’s Ritterkreuz recommendation: "Oberst von Bismarck has led his Regiment with prudence and dedication during many successful operations in Poland and the West. These successes were decisive for the favourable course of the 7. Panzer-Division’s operations: A crossing over the Maas river near Leffe was forced on 13 May 1940; The attack of Gefechtsgruppe von Bismarck on 18 May 1940 over the Sambre river near Ors (south of Landecries), the clearing of Ors after a hard battle, the continuation of the attack during the late afternoon through the southern part of Le Cateau, Caudry up to the heights just southeast of Cambrai; The attack of the reinforced Schützen-Regiment 7 over the La Basse canal near Cuinchy on the evening of 26 May 1940 and the night that followed, and the attack through Givenchy as far as Fournes on 27 May 1940; The attack by the reinforced Schützen-Regiment 7 on 5 June 1940 from the bridgehead position south of the Somme river through Les Wuesnoy, Montagne-Fayel up to the area between Champs and Montagne-Fayel; The breakthrough of the Weygand Line.”

Sources :
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Georg_von_Bismarck
http://ritterkreuztraeger.blogspot.com/ ... g-von.html
https://www.tracesofwar.com/persons/284 ... -Georg.htm
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Major Ernst Bolbrinker of 5. leichte-Division

Post by AlifRafikKhan » 15 Feb 2021 15:58

Dipl.Ing. Ernst Bolbrinker (23 October 1898 – 2 July 1962) received the Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes on 15 May 1941 as Major and Kommandeur I.Abteilung / Panzer-Regiment 5 / 5.leichte Division. Bolbrinker’s Ritterkreuz recommendation reads as follows: “Early on 7 April 1941 Major Bolbrinker received the order to prepare for an attack against the desert fort of el Mechili (a place both heavily fortified and occupied by significant English-Indian forces) with the remnants of his Panzer-Abteilung, which only had 7 Panzers left altogether. When the English made an attempt to sally from the fort on the morning of this day with strong forces, Major Bolbrinker attacked the fort on his own initiative while leading at the head of his remaining 7 Panzers. He managed to take it despite the absence of support from other friendly forces and strong enemy resistance. The enemy were very badly shaken by the capture of this fort, the main strongpoint of their defensive system, and thus their resistance soon collapsed completely. Major Bolbrinker’s self-stemming initiative and utterly daring attack with just 7 Panzers against a strongly fortified defensive complex produced a swift and surprising capture of the fort, and this spared the Division many needless casualties. His capture of el Mechili (the keystone of the English defense in eastern Cyrenaica) also enabled the continued advance of the bulk of the Division in the direction of Tobruk. This attack ultimately resulted in the capture of the 2nd English Armoured Division’s staff (including 2 generals and 2 colonels holding a general’s rank), about 3000 prisoners and large quantities of all manner of war materiel, including almost 30 anti-tank guns. Major Bolbrinker has also especially distinguished himself at the head of his Abteilung in other engagements, in particular during the tank battle near Agedabia (31 March 1941) as well as the penetration into the Tobruk fortifications (13-14 April 1941).”

Sources :
viewtopic.php?f=45&t=250436&p=2279302&h ... r#p2279302
https://www.tracesofwar.com/persons/285 ... -Ernst.htm
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Oberleutnant Alfred Germer of 71. Infanterie-Division

Post by AlifRafikKhan » 19 Feb 2021 15:41

Alfred Germer (7 June 1914 - MIA 1 March 1945) received the Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes on 26 May 1940 as Oberleutnant and Chef 1.Kompanie / Pionier-Bataillon 171 / 71.Infanterie-Division. The following wartime excerpt (dated 30 August 1940) describes why Germer received the Ritterkreuz: "Oberleutnant Alfred Germer used his reinforced Pionier Kompanie to storm and neutralize the enemy’s Armoured Fortress 505 (located near Villy). During this engagement he gave his Pionieren a good example of energetic and fearless devotion to duty. He executed his mission with surprisingly few casualties and was the first to enter into the armoured redoubt." The fortification mentioned in this article was known to the French as the “Ouvrage de La Ferté”. The aforementioned action took place on 18 May 1940.

Source :
https://www.tracesofwar.com/persons/480 ... Alfred.htm
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Oberst Wilhelm Bleckwenn of 267. Infanterie-Division

Post by AlifRafikKhan » 21 Feb 2021 05:29

Wilhelm Bleckwenn (21 October 1906 – 10 May 1989) received the Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes #2876 on 6 April 1944 as Oberst and Kommandeur Grenadier-Regiment 487 / 267.Infanterie-Division. The medal was awarded for significantly aiding the 31. Infanterie-Division on 21 February 1944. On this day the Soviets achieved deep penetrations in its sector (located between the Dnieper bend and Koromka). Bleckwenn played a major role in ensuring that the Division was not destroyed on the boundary between the 4. and 9. Armee.

Bleckwenn received the Eichenlaub #621 for his Ritterkreuz on 18 October 1944 as Oberst and Kommandeur Grenadier-Regiment 487 / 267.Infanterie-Division. Following Heeresgruppe Mitte’s collapse during Operation Bagration, Oberst Bleckwenn and a small Kampfgruppe under his command managed to break through to East Prussia after a period of 44 days of fighting through Belorussian forests. In the process he and his men overcame the torrential currents of the Memel river on the night of 4-5 August 1944 while crossing it at a point south of Druschkiniki. He was subsequently awarded the Eichenlaub for this noteworthy accomplishment.


Sources :
https://www.tracesofwar.com/persons/227 ... ilhelm.htm
https://www.warrelics.eu/forum/bundeswe ... nn-558688/
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Oberleutnant Wilhelm Walther of Baulehrbataillon z.b.V. 800

Post by AlifRafikKhan » 21 Feb 2021 05:45

Wilhelm Walther (27 January 1910 - 25 November 2010) received the Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes on 24 June 1940 as Oberleutnant and Stosstruppführer in 4.Kompanie / Baulehrbataillon z.b.V. 800. The unit were stationed at Brandenburg-Havel and was formed on 15 December 1939. The first units of the company moved to the West in February 1940. Prior to the invasion of the Low Countries, the Brandenburgers were given the task of capturing the Roermund and Buggenum bridges. The railway bridge at Gennep was captured by Oberleutnant Walther personally with eight other members of his squad, Walther and two other members of the group were disguised as Dutch military police and the other six were in German uniforms. To the Dutch side of the frontier the appeatance of nine men on the bridge aroused no suspicion for it seemed that three fully armed Dutch policemen were escorting six disarmed German soldiers. Each of the prisoners were carrying concealed machine pistols strapped to their chest under their unbuttoned overcoats and egg grenades in their pockets. Then they made their assault, succesfully seizing the bridge and disabling the detonators. Minutes later the first of two troop trains carrying units of the 256. Infanterie-Division rolled across the bridge. For this feat, Oberleutnant Wather was the first Brandenburger to receive the Ritterkreuz on 24 June 1940.


Sources :
http://alifrafikkhan.blogspot.com/2014/ ... rband.html
https://www.treasurebunker.com/forums/i ... enburgers/
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Heinrich Götz of 257. Infanterie-Division and 21. Infanterie-Division

Post by AlifRafikKhan » 21 Feb 2021 10:31

Heinrich Götz (1 January 1896 – 31 January 1960) received the Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes on 3 May 1942 as Oberstleutnant and Kommandeur Infanterie-Regiment 466 / 257.Infanterie-Division. The medal was awarded for his holding of two strongpoints (Haigorodek and Majaki) during the heavy fighting in the time period of 18-31 January 1942. While all other nearby German strongpoints along the Donez were given up one by one, and the Soviets approached ever closer to Sslawjansk, Götz and his men were able to successfully defend their assigned sector against these same heavy attacks. Through this it was demonstrated that it was indeed possible to hold strongpoints despite the cold and the enemy superiority. Thanks to Götz’s example the entire local frontline attained a feeling of superiority over the Soviets and a fresh confidence in the correctness of this tactic.

Götz received the Eichenlaub #765 for his Ritterkreuz on 5 March 1945 as Generalmajor and Kommandeur 21. Infanterie-Division. During February 1945, in the fighting for East Prussia, Generalmajor Götz succeeded in eliminating a Soviet penetration with a hastily assembled assault group comprised of forces that had been ruthlessly stripped from other frontline sectors that had not been attacked. In the newly won position he furthermore fended off another 24 Soviet attacks with his Grenadiers. He would be awarded the Eichenlaub for his outstanding performance here.

Sources :
Denis Daum photo collection
https://www.tracesofwar.com/persons/617 ... inrich.htm
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Oberstleutnant i.G. Julius von Bernuth of XV. Armeekorps (mot.)

Post by AlifRafikKhan » 28 Feb 2021 04:07

Julius von Bernuth (12 August 1897 – 12 July 1942) received the Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes on 5 August 1940 as Oberstleutnant im Generalstab and Chef des Generalstabes XV. Armeekorps (motorisiert). The following press article describes why Bernuth was awarded the Ritterkreuz: “On 22 May 1940 Oberstleutnant i.G. von Bernuth demonstrated outstanding personal bravery and responsibility while the commanding general was away on a drive to the frontline. His swift action ensured the collapse of General Weygand’s breakthrough attempt via Cambrai and Arras in the direction of Bapaume. Oberstleutnant i.G. von Bernuth’s energetic handling of orders thereby decisively influenced the course of the war.”

Sources :
https://www.emedals.com/germany-heer-a- ... nuth-96334
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Julius_von_Bernuth
https://www.tracesofwar.com/persons/283 ... s.htm?c=aw
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Generalleutnant z.V. Theodor Endres of 212. Infanterie-Division

Post by AlifRafikKhan » 03 Mar 2021 12:53

Theodor Endres (25 September 1876 – 18 January 1956) received the Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes on 13 July 1940 as Generalleutnant z.V. and Kommandeur 212. Infanterie-Division. The following wartime excerpt describes why Endres would be awarded the Ritterkreuz: “Forced march from the area west of Verdun to the Mosel river and occupation of Ponte a Mousson. Vorausabteilungen were pushed towards the west and south over the Mosel thanks to the personal actions of the divisional commander, Generalleutnant Endres. Bridge built over the Aingeray. Division thrown into the enemy occupied area before Toulouse and Nancy. Further march towards the south, crossing over the Meurthe and Flavigny as well as a seizure of the bridges near Ceintrey. Division pivoted westwards against the line Vezelise—Crepey, and the ring was closed around the strong enemy forces that had gathered in the Toulouse area. Over 50000 prisoners, including hundreds of officers and 30 generals. Massive quantities of equipment also captured.”

Sources :
https://www.alexautographs.com/auction- ... 094343856/
https://www.tracesofwar.com/persons/299 ... r.htm?c=aw
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Generalleutnant Otto Hoffmann von Waldau of Fliegerführer Afrika

Post by AlifRafikKhan » 07 Mar 2021 05:53

Otto Hoffmann von Waldau (7 July 1898 - 17 May 1943) received the Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes on 28 June 1942 as Generalleutnant and Fliegerführer Afrika. The following newspaper excerpt (dated 4-5 July 1942) describes why Hoffmann von Waldau received the Ritterkreuz: “General Hoffmann von Waldau has been awarded the Ritterkreuz by the Führer in recognition of his achievements while serving as Fliegerführer Afrika. In this capacity he and his subordinated formations decisively contributed to many great successes being achieved, in particular the capture of Fortress Tobruk.”

Sources :
https://www.alexautographs.com/auction- ... 514403A59/
https://www.tracesofwar.com/persons/403 ... u-Otto.htm
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Major Fridolin Fath of Kampfgeschwader z.b.V. 1

Post by AlifRafikKhan » 09 Mar 2021 14:39

Fridolin "Fridl" Fath (1 May 1908 - 17 March 1987) received the Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes on 23 December 1942 as Major and stellvertredender Kommandeur IV.Gruppe / KG z.b.V. 1 (Kampfgeschwader zur besonderen Verwendung 1). The medal was awarded for his distinguished service in resupplying the Axis forces in North Africa by air, first as a transport pilot and later as the commander of an entire Gruppe. His total of missions flown at the time of the award is unknown, but by the end of 1944 it had reached an impressive total of over 500 front flights. What is known is that he was among one of the most utilized transport pilots during the whole African campaign, which played a key role in his receiving the award.

Sources :
https://www.alexautographs.com/auction- ... 174A95A9D/
https://www.tracesofwar.com/persons/228 ... idolin.htm
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Adolf Galland of JG 26 (Jagdgeschwader 26) "Schlageter"

Post by AlifRafikKhan » 13 Mar 2021 02:45

Adolf Galland (19 March 1912 - 9 February 1996) received the Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes #96 on 29 July 1940 as Major and Gruppenkommandeur III.Gruppe / Jagdgeschwader 26 (JG 26) "Schlageter". The following wartime excerpt (dated 30 August 1940) describes why Galland received the Ritterkreuz: “Major Galland has distinguished himself as a Gruppe commander in a Jagdgeschwader as a result of his exceptional aggressiveness. By now he has shot down 14 enemy aircraft. Under his leadership the Gruppe executed numerous successful ground attack attacks as well, which included one mission (19 June 1940) where he eliminated 3 Anti-Aircraft batteries.”

Galland received the Eichenlaub #3 for his Ritterkreuz on 24 September 1940 as Major and Geschwaderkommodore Jagdgeschwader 26 (JG 26) "Schlageter". The medal was awarded for his 40 confirmed aerial victories.

Galland received the Schwerter #1 for his Ritterkreuz on 21 June 1941 as Oberstleutnant and Geschwaderkommodore Jagdgeschwader 26 (JG 26) "Schlageter". The medal was awarded for his 69 confirmed aerial victories.

Finally, Galland received the Brillanten #2 for his Ritterkreuz on 28 January 1942 as Oberst and Geschwaderkommodore Jagdgeschwader 26 (JG 26) "Schlageter". The medal was awarded for his 94 confirmed aerial victories.


Sources :
https://www.alexautographs.com/
https://www.tracesofwar.com/persons/215 ... Keffer.htm
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Gefreiter Heinz Berger of 87. Infanterie-Division

Post by AlifRafikKhan » 14 Mar 2021 17:53

Heinz Berger (1 December 1914 - 16 April 1983) received the Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes on 17 September 1941 as Gefreiter and Richtschütze in 14.(Panzerjäger) Kompanie / III. Bataillon / Infanterie-Regiment 187 / 87.Infanterie-Division. The following wartime excerpt describes why Berger was awarded the Ritterkreuz: “On 30 August and 1 September 1941 Gefreiter Berger fought as the gunner of a 3.7 cm Pak in the area west of Bolotina (itself located 17 km north of Jarzewo). While defending against hostile infantry-supported armour attacks, all while under heavy mortar fire, he destroyed 13 Russian tanks that had broken into the main battle line. This total included 12 medium and one 52 ton class tank. Through his outstanding personal bravery he significantly contributed to the ability of Infanterie-Regiment 187 to hold the frontline during this major defensive battle. Gefreiter Berger has by now destroyed over 25 Soviet tanks since the beginning of the Eastern campaign.”

Sources ;
Denis Daum photo collection
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File ... _Cross.jpg
https://www.tracesofwar.com/persons/283 ... 7.htm?c=aw
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Oberst Karl Arning of 21. Infanterie-Division

Post by AlifRafikKhan » 18 Mar 2021 16:43

Karl Arning (10 February 1892 – 17 November 1964) received the Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes on 11 October 1943 as Oberst and Kommandeur Grenadier-Regiment 24 / 21.Infanterie-Division. He was a regimental commander on the Eastern front in mid-1943. In the August of that year his 21. Infanterie-Division was thrown into the battle for the Siniavino heights. Arning’s regiment came to prominence when the Soviet 30th Guards Rifle Corps attacked his Division on 15 September 1943. They succeeded in capturing the vital hill 50.1 but were ejected from this position through a counterattack by Arning and his Regiment. Arning thus played a decisive role in stopping the Soviet attack, and he would receive the Ritterkreuz for his feat on this day.

Sources :
https://www.rommel-lebt.com/general-arning.html
https://www.tracesofwar.com/persons/144 ... edrich.htm
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