Crime and gun regulation in Axis France

Discussions on all aspects of France during the Inter-War era and Second World War.
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Crime and gun regulation in Axis France

Post by Viktor.S » 06 Apr 2020 13:56

Hello everyone,

I started wondering, considering that France was in the middle of a wartime situation with an ongoing armed resistance, what sort of regulations did the Vichy and German-occupation authorities take to control crime and limit gun ownership in the country?

For example, in the 1930s powerful organised criminals like Paul Carbone had been involved in drug smuggling/production in France (Carbone had a drug laboratory near Marseille, using opiate supplies shipped in from places like Indochina and Turkey). I don't know much about Carbone or other organised criminals during 1939-45, but wikipedia claims that he collaborated with the Axis during this period in exchange for local law enforcement turning a blind eye to his activities. Can anyone elaborate on what sort of collaboration he or other organised criminals provided, and how much tolerance the Axis authorities had for these sorts of organised criminal activities (drug trafficking, extortion, prostitution, etc.)?

Also, what regulations were in place under Vichy and German administration to limit gun ownership among civilians (and thus lessen the chance of resistance members obtaining firearms)? For example, were rural populations allowed to own shotguns or hunting rifles for day-to-day use? Were any trusted civilian collaborators, that were not part of a uniformed organisation, allowed to get gun licenses? Please no debates about modern gun control, this question is strictly for historical interest.


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